Through Plan Colombia, a partnership with the U.S., the government equipped and trained security forces. The tax system was reformed, drawing from the most affluent to finance national security. Government accountability was reformed by making annual military spending reports publicly available, allowing a civilian Ministry of Defense to have oversight of the Armed Forces and increasing the number of qualified government personnel. Source: The Polson Institute for Global Development Threat to public safety Violence is the trademark of the Mexican cartels’ operating model. Within Mexico, cartel violence includes beheadings, mass killings and murders of government authorities, among other terror-inducing tactics. This unprecedented violence along with the cartels’ attempts to bribe public officials makes the threat of the cartels’ operations a great danger to citizens. Mexican cartels are exporting their brazen tactics to the new territories where they are operating. For example, the murder rates of Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras combined are roughly double the murder rates of Mexico, according to a 2010 Woodrow Wilson center report. In 2010, Central America became witness to a new level of violence that includes a series of beheadings credited to the Mexican cartels in Guatemala as well as 35 bodies found in plastic bags over a six-month span in El Salvador. Compounding this menace, the cartels’ association with local criminals in Central America increases the threat to public safety. The 2009 assassination of Honduran Director of Counternarcotics Operations, Gen. Julián Arístides Gonzáles, has been attributed by authorities to Mexican cartel orders carried out by a Honduran drug trafficker. Regional Maritime Interdiction Assistance provides training, equipment and security. Border Inspection program supports contraband detection. Transnational Anti-Gang Program combats gangs. Regional Firearms Advisor Program focuses on reducing firearms trafficking. ILEA Regional Training Program provides training of law enforcement personnel and prosecutors. Source: U.S. Department of State Cartels entrenched in Central America Mexican cartels have established operations within the Northern Triangle of Central America, which includes Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador. This area provides refuge from the Mexican government’s counter-narcotics efforts and is home to desperately poor farmers who benefit from growing illegal crops. The Mexican cartels use these remote areas in the region to maintain and expand their illicit activities. Former Miami Herald Latin America correspondent Steven Dudley, now co-director of InSight, a Washington- and Bogotá-based project that monitors organized crime in Latin America, told Diálogo that Guatemala and Honduras are the main countries affected. Dudley explained the increased use of both countries by drug traffickers is due to their location along drug smuggling routes from Colombia to the U.S. He also explained that the concentrated effort of Mexican law enforcement within the country’s borders has led rivaling cartels to seek territory in neighboring countries. The DEA’s Sanders told Diálogo that Mexican cartels are rooted in Central America, and a DEA spokesman added that the cartels “have gone into some of these places and set up command and control structures. They are actually taking receipt of the drugs in those countries, and then being responsible for further transportation up through Mexico.” Central America is proving to be fertile ground for illicit business. The U.S. Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars estimates that 250 tons of cocaine was trafficked through Guatemala in 2009 and about 200 metric tons of cocaine went through Honduras the same year. Although Central America has long been recognized as a drug corridor, now the Mexican cartels have become more established there. After his capture by the Mexican Federal Police in August 2010, cartel kingpin Edgar Valdez Villarreal, aka “La Barbie,” spoke of his “offices” in Panama, “investments” in Colombia, and his “business” of transporting cocaine from Panama to Mexico. Valdez bragged about his established contacts and transportation routes throughout Central America. The DEA spokesman, during an interview with Diálogo, said that Mexican cartels “actually have members working for the organization in these spots that are responsible for receiving, stockpiling, protecting and then further shipping the drugs out of Central America and into Mexico.” Stockpiles of supplies provide additional evidence of the cartels in the area. A military operation in 2009 discovered a Mexican cartel training camp within Guatemalan territory. In the cache were 500 grenades and thousands of bullets, Guatemalan authorities said. Another arsenal discovered near Guatemala City contained 3,800 bullets and 560 grenades, according to USA Today. A key factor in facilitating drug imports and distribution is the presence of established local drug trafficking groups. As the Mexican cartels expand their business model and territory, they are also reevaluating partnerships with their Colombian counterparts and forging new affiliations with criminal and terrorist networks in the area, analyst Steven Dudley explained. The cartels use these associates to sell or transport drugs for them or to carry out violent acts on their behalf. Most prominent are the associations that Mexican cartels have within Central America. Moreover, Dudley spoke of the potential for the Mexican cartels to use gangs for their benefit. Local gangs’ “main role is maybe some protection services for depots or for some as hit men or what they call ‘sicarios’ or as enforcers to extort money or things of that sort,” Dudley explained. The DEA spokesman said the gangs’ involvement is more likely at the “retail” level of selling drugs for the cartels rather than a partnership. West Africa and Europe South America also provides access to Europe and West Africa for cartels trying to evade U.S. surveillance of the Caribbean and U.S.–Mexico border. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime 2009 report states that corruption and a lack of stabil- ity in West Africa make it an ideal hub for trans-shipment to Europe, where drugs fetch two times the U.S. price. The U.N.’s International Narcotics Control Board, or INCB, has found that Mexican trafficking organizations have been involved in traffick- ing to most African and Middle Eastern countries. With greater proximity to a lucrative target market in Europe, where demand is rising, the cartels have begun to establish a footprint. Eduardo Buscaglia, scholar at Mexico’s Autonomous Institute of Technology in Mexico City, ascribes the focus on Europe to the value of the euro and the emerging governance in states newly incorporated into the European Union, according to Mexican newspaper El Universal. The Mexican cartels are finding worldwide allies for their operations. The INCB reports Mexican cartels are recruiting Central American and Caribbean gang members to sell and distribute drugs in Europe, primarily Spain. In Italy, Mexican cartels have set up connections with crime families as was detected in the 2008 multinational law enforcement operation Project Reckoning, which targeted Mexican cartel operations with Italian counterparts. The operation resulted in the arrest of 507 individuals and the seizure of approximately $60 million, the DEA reported. In May 2010, the British newspaper The Observer reported that Mexican cartels were meeting with Liverpool gangsters about cocaine shipments departing from Venezuela’s ports destined for England. Even drug seizures as far as Australia and Japan have been connected to Mexican cartels’ operations, according to the U.N. As cartel connections grow, so too has the threat of violence. Colombia’s Success Factors Sustainability is vital in antidrug efforts. Colombia ensured its Armed Forces were steadfast in their pursuit of antidrug efforts by procuring the needed equipment and training, securing continued funding and earning public support through transparency. Mexican drug cartels are expanding their operations in the Western Hemisphere, Europe and Africa. As these violent cartels begin to secure their own drug sources and form alliances with foreign criminal groups in addition to trafficking, they are bringing crime to new areas and threatening public safety. Mexican cartels have facilitated the flow of drugs from Colombian cartels to consumers in the U.S. for decades, but in recent years, they have modified their business practices to include drug operations oversight as well. Meetings between Mexican and Colombian cartels in the early ’90s led to the Colombian cartels’ collective decision to leave the majority of drug trafficking to the Mexican cartels, according to the Colombian newspaper El Tiempo. The Colombian cartels made this strategic decision due to the intense pressure from successful Colombian and U.S. military interdiction operations, which apprehended many Colombian cartel kingpins and intercepted numerous drug movements in the region. By focusing on drug production, the Colombians could avoid capture and retain their profits. Jay Bergman, Andean regional director of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, or DEA, explained in a 2009 interview with the website www.examiner.com that the Mexican cartels have “filled the vacuum” left by the Colombians and assumed cocaine distribution in the region. DEA Section Chief for Mexico and Central America Michael Sanders discussed this development in an interview with Diálogo. “The Mexican cartels are operating throughout Central America — from Guatemala all the way through Panama.” Most recently, the Mexican cartels have used the momentum gained in Central America to broaden their global presence. To gain control over operations, Mexican cartels have begun to place operatives throughout the Americas targeting vulnerable regions where the rule of law is weak. Sources: Stratfor, Rand Corporation, The Associated Press, Jane’s Information Group Partnerships against the threat Mexico’s own woeful experience is a prime example of the spread of drug violence, and Central America is not far behind. Mexico’s government continues to fight against the cartels within its borders and is partnering with other nations. A 2009 Mexico-Colombia agreement will result in the training of more than 11,000 Mexican Federal Police agents by the Colombian National Police in operations targeting kidnapping and narcotics trafficking. Similarly, the multi-year Mérida Initiative is a partnership with the United States that provides training, technical advice and funding to partner nations such as Mexico in combating transnational criminal organizations. Regionally, the Central American Regional Security Initiative, or CARSI, was created in 2010 to strengthen and integrate security in Central America. CARSI initiatives are supported by the U.S. government, the Organization of American States, the Central American Integration System and Interpol. The present regional issues brought on by the Mexican cartels’ operations are quickly becoming a global danger. Partner nations across the globe are responding to the Mexican cartels fiercely by combining forces and using their armies to tackle the growing transnational threat. Narcoterrorism in the Andes Control of drug sources and the profits that come with them enticed the cartels to move into Colombia, Peru and Bolivia. “Mexican traffickers have turned up in many Colombian cities and are working to get cash in the hands of peasants to boost coca production,” Colombian police director Gen. Óscar Naranjo told The Associated Press. The cartels have become more connected to the drug sources and the criminal organizations currently controlling them. Acquiring the raw materials for drug production would allow the cartels to cut the middlemen out of the drug trafficking chain. Several media reports, including one from the Bolivian La Razón newspaper, indicate that Mexican cartels are also negotiating their relationships with terrorist networks that currently control the drug sources, including the Revolutionary Armed Forced of Colombia, or FARC; the Shining Path in Peru; and Bolivian narcotrafficking organizations made up of family groups. “There is increasing evidence that [Mexican cartels] are going all the way to the source, and this has great financial benefit for them if they can reach the sources, and one of the sources is the FARC guerrillas,” Dudley said of the Mexican cartels’ presence in South America. The DEA’s Bergman, in an interview with Bloomberg News, spoke about how the Mexican cartels’ alliances with the FARC bring profit for both organizations and a newfound danger for the region. The Mexican government has to confront wealthier drug cartels while Colombia’s government must battle a better armed guerrilla force. “It would cut out the traditional drug trafficker middleman and increase the amount of money the FARC would be able to earn per kilogram — profit that would be spent on bullets and armament to perpetuate the insurgency,” Bergman said. Associations in the Andean region are not limited to terrorist networks. The Mexican cartels also employ smaller criminal organizations to transport and sell drugs. In 2009, there were several instances in which Mexican nationals were arrested on drug trafficking charges in Peru. The same year, Peruvian police discovered a cocaine processing lab in Lima under the control of a Mexican drug cartel. Bolivian authorities say that clans in their country are carrying out illicit activities for the Mexican cartels, according to Bolivian newspaper La Razón. Mexican cartels’ reach can be seen all the way south to Buenos Aires, where in 2010 a container of apples with smuggled cocaine bound for Spain was found with the trademark logo of a Mexican cartel. Argentina’s police also seized a methamphetamine lab with links to a Mexican cartel in 2009, arresting nine Mexican nationals. These instances point to Mexican cartels’ involvement at the source sites and inception of the drug production process. Central American Regional Security Initiative – CARSI programs include: By Dialogo October 01, 2010 Why aren’t the drugs known as ICE, CRYSTAL or METHAMPHETAMINES sold in Central America given that they are supposed to be very profitable too, like crack or rocks, my question is why haven’t the cartels allowed these drugs to spread through Central America….
Annabell Fuller and Gemma Clews will represent England in the Nations Cup event at next week’s Helen Holm Scottish women’s open stroke play championship. The team trophy is awarded to the pair with the best aggregate score over all three rounds, which take place from 21-23 April. The first 36 holes are played at Troon Portland and the final round over the Old Course, Royal Troon. Both players are in great form. Fourteen-year-old Fuller (Roehampton, Surrey) was third individually in the women’s European Nations Cup last month and runner-up in the Harder Hall women’s invitational in Florida in January. She’s currently representing England in the French U21 women’s championship. Last year, the girl international won the Sir Henry Cooper Junior Masters and had six second places. Clews, 22, (Delamere Forest, Cheshire) has won two top scratch events this season, with a combined score of 20-under par. She claimed the Delamere Comboy Scratch on her home course for the fourth time, before following up with last weekend’s victory in the Hampshire Rose at North Hants. Last season she helped England win the women’s Home Internationals and was third on the England Golf Women’s Order of Merit. The team reserve is Lancashire’s Sophie Lamb, 19, (Clitheroe, Lancashire) who is the current British stroke play champion. She was runner up in the Hampshire Rose and 8th in the Harder Hall. Caption: Annabell Fuller (image © Stills Photography) 13 Apr 2017 England pair target Scottish team title
Facebook12Tweet0Pin0Submitted by Saint Martin’s University Majestic dragon boats and a record-setting number of 42 local and regional teams of paddlers will return to Olympia Saturday, April 26, for a day of fun and fierce competition at the ninth annual Saint Martin’s University Dragon Boat Festival.Approximately 5,000 people are expected to attend this year’s festival, which will take place 9 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. in the Port Plaza of Olympia near the Marine Terminal. This is a beautiful location with views of the Washington State Capitol buildings and Olympic Mountains. The event site is downtown, near the Olympia Farmers Market and popular, local restaurants. The day-long event, presented by the University in cooperation with the Washington Dragon Boat Association, is free and open to the public.Some 1,000 participants will paddle their way through the annual Dragon Boat Races as part of the day’s activities. The paddlers are members of teams from universities, high schools, school districts, government agencies, community organizations and local businesses, hailing from Seattle to Portland.Dragon boat racing dates back to fourth-century China, commemorating famed poet Qu Yuan, who threw himself into the Milo River to protest the political turmoil and suffering of the people at that time. Today, dragon boat races are an opportunity to celebrate culture and community.“Once again, the Dragon Boat Festival is proving to be an eagerly anticipated event for the University and surrounding communities,” says Josephine Yung, Saint Martin’s vice president of International Programs and Development. “I’m sure everyone who plans to attend will not be disappointed because the festival has so many fun activities to offer.”The Dragon Boat Festival is a multi-cultural event that started in 2006. The purpose of the festival is to raise cultural awareness, build a sense of community and provide a day of family-oriented, fun activities to South Sound residents. The festival was moved from Capitol Lake to the Port Plaza in 2010, drawing a lot of foot traffic from downtown Olympia and the adjacent Farmers Market.In 2009, during the Great Recession, the festival was nearly canceled when sponsors of the event encountered difficulties in raising finances to support it. But with encouragement from Yung, Saint Martin’s students appealed to their families and friends for small cash donations that eventually netted them $25,000 to put toward the costs of the festival.A major delight for festival participants is the distinctive dragon boats, which feature ornately carved dragon heads and weigh 500-800 pounds each. The hulls of the boats are painted with scales and the paddles used to steer the vessels symbolically represent claws. Every boat is constructed to contain 20 paddlers, as well as a steer person and a drummer who keeps the beat to help the paddlers work in unison. The paddle teams are divided according to skill level and include community, intermediate and recreational teams.“Dragon boating is not a sport that’s built on brute force,” says Brother Ramon Newell, a monk at Saint Martin’s Abbey who annually serves as advisor and coach to various paddle teams. “It’s more about timing, technique, synchronization and people working together.”Saint Martin’s University has been actively involved in education and cultural exchanges with China since 1995. Each year, members of Saint Martin’s faculty travel to China to teach international business, accounting and general education courses. Saint Martin’s students regularly participate in China study tours. In addition, about 50 students from China are currently studying at Saint Martin’s University.Following welcoming remarks at 9 a.m. by Saint Martin’s University President Roy Heynderickx, Ph.D., and Port of Olympia Commission President Bill McGregor, honorary chair of the Dragon Boat Steering Committee, the festival will kick off at 9:10 a.m. with the traditional “Dotting of the Eye” ceremony, a blessing of the dragon boats. The races will begin at 9:45 a.m. and will consist of three heats and three divisions.In addition to the races, there will be Chinese traditional art demonstrations, culinary delights, martial arts performances and music. A lion dance will take place between 11:30 a.m. and 12:30 p.m. Other scheduled performers include the Taiko Drum Group from River Ridge High School; the Saint Martin’s University Soran Bushi Dancers; the Federal Way China Tai Chi Kung Fu Group; the Saint Martin’s University Hawaii Club and the Saint Martin’s University Dance Hip Hop Group.The competitions will conclude at approximately 4 p.m., and the closing and awards ceremony will begin shortly after the races end.Organizations supporting the Dragon Boat Festival are the Port of Olympia; the City of Olympia; 94.5 ROXY; the Academy of International Education (AIE); Saint Martin’s University Alumni Association; Associated Students of Saint Martin’s University (ASSMU); Access the USA LLC; Olympia Federal Savings; Thurston County Economic Development Council; Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation; Studio 1; and Capitol City Press.Those who plan to attend the festival are requested to be mindful of parking and leave vehicles in locations designated for the Saint Martin’s University Dragon Boat Festival or in a public parking space. There is plenty of free street parking downtown that festival attendees can utilize. In addition, please consider using the Dash Shuttle for riding to the event.For more information about the festival, visit http://www.stmartin.edu/oipd/events/dragonBoat/ or contact the Office of International Programs and Development at 360-438-4504.
The Western Hockey League announced its 2016 Awards, and guess who’s on the list — Nelson’s Dryden Hunt.Hunt, who last month signed an entry-level contract with Florida Panthers of the National Hockey League, was announced as the WHL Eastern Conference Four Memorial Broncos Player of the Year.Western Conference winner is Joe Hickets of the Victoria Royals.The 20-year-old forward has experienced a dream season with the Moose Jaw Warriors, finishing second in WHL scoring with 116 points — four behind Adam Brooks of the Regina Pats. Hunt, who was also selected top the WHL First All Star team, scored 58 goals this season, tops in the entire WHL. Hunt also had five hat tricks.The 6-foot, 200 pound left-winger was also named player-of-the-month for January and recently player-of-the-week in February.Hunt’s teammates, netminder Zachary Sawchenko was selected Eastern Conference Top Goaltender and Noah Gregor Rookie of the year.The Nelson Minor Hockey grad also walked away with four team awards. Hunt ended a 21-year drought for Warrior 50 goal scorers, and was the first Warrior in ten years to go over 100 points in a season, with that he captured the RBC Top Scorer Award.Hunt shared Player of the Year honours with Moose Jaw team captain Brayden Point while capturing the YARA Fans Choice award and team’s 3-Star Award.The Moose Jaw Warriors won its final regular season game, downing the Swift Current Broncos 3-1 to finish their 2015-2016 season in third place in the East Division.Moose Jaw now faces Prince Albert Raiders in the first round of the playoffs beginning Friday in Prince Albert.Game two is Saturday, March 26th in Prince Albert before the series shifts to Moose Jaw for Game’s three and four on Monday, March 28th and Tuesday, March 29th.Story originated at The Nelson Daily
Morning workouts continued this morning at Santa Anita Park, as Beholder once again worked under cover of darkness while American Pharoah looked strong galloping this AM. Videos posted below.With the Autumn meet rapidly approaching on September 26th, make sure that you’re subscribed to the XBTV and Santa Anita Park on YouTube for awesome Thoroughbred videos all season long.BeholderAmerican Pharoah
Letterkenny man Bryan Margey has won a €1,000 holiday after making an outstanding effort in the 2019 Rushe Fitness Summer Shape Up Challenge.The ever-popular Summer Shape Up is Letterkenny’s largest fitness challenge. Led by Rushe Fitness gym owner Emmet Rushe, the programme helps participants get in shape while completing fun challenges to win amazing prizesThe end of summer celebration took place on Saturday at Century Complex Letterkenny, where Bryan Margey was announced the Champion in front of over 50 of his fitness family. Advertisement He was presented with the grand prize of €1000 holiday from Emmet and Maria Rushe, owners of Rushe Fitness.Emmet Rushe and Bryan MargeyBryan was awarded the grand prize based on his positive approach to the challenge. A busy husband and father, Bryan still made time for all of the challenges, for his training in the gym and for his own running adventures. His constant encouragement of his fellow gym goers, both inside the gym and in the members’ group, was acknowledged by everyone.Bryan also pushed his fellow members on outside of the gym; following and motivating Colm Richardson through the final lengths of his 555 endeavour, and helping the Rushe Fitness crew around the Tough Mudder course. Bryan’s positivity to everything and everyone in Rushe Fitness is wonderful to see, and he always has the right words for his friends in the group. Advertisement One of Emmet’s main mottos is that you must step outside of your comfort zone in order for the magic to happen, and Bryan constantly pushed the limits of his. The raucous roar and applause from the crowd was a testament to just how delighted everyone there was to see him take the title.Second Prize was for the person who achieved the biggest lifestyle and physical change and was a €500 holiday voucher, sponsored by the challenge partners, Atlantic Travel.It was presented to the very deserving Noreen Lynch. Noreen’s constant drive and determination was infectious. She attacked the Summer Shape Up from every angle, again incorporating the challenges into her family’s busy life and her results speak for themselves.Emmet Rushe, Noreen Lynch and Maria RusheNoreen Lynch, Emmet Rushe and Bryan MargeyOther prizes were kindly sponsored by The Shandon Hotel and Spa, Harvey’s Point, Mountain Warehouse, Brian Mc Cormick Sports and Leisure, Century Letterkenny and were presented to other members for various achievements and accomplishments throughout the challenge.Speaking to Donegal Daily, Emmet said “We had a fantastic celebration of our members last night. Obviously, I wish I could have given everyone a prize. Every single one of them is a winner. Whether they’ve just begun on their fitness journey, or have been in our fitness family for the past 5 years, we appreciate every one of them and are proud of them all. They’re an incredible bunch of positive people, each with busy lives and their own stuff going on, and this challenge has reminded me of just how special the Rushe Fitness Community is.”Summer Shape Up 2019 celebrationEmmet also thanked Emma at Atlantic Travel for once again being partners in this year’s challenge. He thanked his team and all of the supporters and sponsors of prizes, as well as the team at Backstage for hosting a great event. Photographs were taken by Joanne Gallinagh Photography and the event was streamed live on the Rushe Fitness Page where it has been viewed by over 5000.Emmet and his members are looking forward to beginning the next phase of their fitness journey with the next block of classes beginning on September 16th.If you would like to join the Rushe Fitness Community, contact [email protected] or click here.Emmet Rushe and Andrea AndersonEmmet Rushe and Maria RusheEmmet Rushe and Patricia McCauleyEmmet Rushe and Kellie McGroaryMartina McGroarty and Emmet RusheMaria Rushe, Táina Kelly and Emmet RusheSummer Shape Up Champion Bryan Margey wins €1,000 holiday was last modified: September 2nd, 2019 by Staff WriterShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
A small 1/8-inch gap at the bottom of the wall on a problematic foundation can become a gaping 1/2-inch opening 10 feet higher at the top of the wall, complicating the placement of adjacent wall panels and the trusses. If this were a typical home, such gaps would be shimmed and covered by exterior and interior finishes; no one would know the difference. Not us. Gaps complicate air sealing the building envelope. The blower door and thermal imagery will reveal these “thermal holes.” We need an exceptionally tight, well-assembled building envelope to meet the Passivhaus standard.So if there’s any shimming, it’s best to do it at one place — the bottom plate of the wall. Jason used a laser to methodically check the elevation of the foundation at each point near the wall anchors and measured wall dimensions against the specifications of the plan.Uh-oh. Squaring and leveling the foundationThe framers spent several man days adjusting the horizontal and vertical position of the base plates on the foundation to bring the floor framing back to the plan specifications. That meant moving the mudsill inward or outward on the foundation, and shimming it upwards by as much as 3/4 inch. Jason aimed to have dimensions and elevations to a +/- 1/8 inch tolerance across the entire foundation.The framers next cut, placed, and braced the seven concrete-filled lally columns in the basement, secured two LVL beams atop several of the lallys, and a delivery truck boomed two beefy steel I-beams into place atop the remaining lally columns.Uh-oh. Another trip to the lumber yardCoastal delivered the wrong mix of hangers: there were too many 3 1/2-inch-wide hangers and not enough 2 1/2-inch-wide hangers, and there were not enough top-mount hangers for use on the steel beams. We were also short on a section of rim board and some sheathing.That was solved the next day. Floor framing proceeded along the main axis of the house.The crew then started the layout for the hangers on the north wing, the one with the 60 degree angle.Uh-oh. The foundation for the main house is complete. It’s time to start framing and sheathing the main floor deck while we wait for Shawn Woods to excavate the footings for the attached slab-grade garage and three season room.There’s not a whole lot of “greenness” or “Passivhausness” to talk about in floor framing. But it’s all part of the construction process and hey, we need a main floor to walk on.The framers — Jason, Travis, Jimmy, and John — began building the main floor deck by applying a capillary break on the top of the concrete in the Logix ICF foundation to stop any moisture from wicking up into the floor framing.They then compared the “as is” foundation to the architectural plans. It’s best to start framing the deck on a level and square foundation. That’s especially true for EdgewaterHaus, as the main floor walls and roof trusses are already built in a factory to the specifications of the architectural plans; it’s too late to make any dimensional accommodations to the walls or trusses. RELATED ARTICLES GBA Encyclopedia: Insulated Concrete Forms Foam Forms Create an Energy-Efficient Concrete HouseGBA Encyclopedia: Floor Framing I expected tolerances to be closerNow some may say that’s just another day in the life of a framer to resolve real-world variation in the foundation.Perhaps. But I expected better results with the Logix foundation. We had surveyors precisely mark the outside corners of the Logix blocks on the footers. And the snug fit of the many male/female vertical connections points in the Logix block adds confidence. I’m not sure if the vertical and horizontal variance lies in how the blocks were stacked and braced, or the shifting of some block while the concrete was poured into the Logix cavity, or both.Several areas of Logix did noticeably lift during the pour, then seemed to settle back into place as more concrete was poured. Yet in looking at the completed foundation, there are clearly vertical and horizontal gaps ranging from 1/8 inch to 3/8 inch in many of the Logix blocks.The worst areas are the top two courses of block, and the very worst is the east section of the wall with the 60 degree angle in the foundation. The vertical supports did not extend to the top two courses of the Logix, and not every course of block was screwed into the vertical supports to prevent uplift.Concrete exerts enormous pressure when it is being poured. Could better bracing and checking for plumb to the bottom course have improved the results? [Editor’s note: Roger and Lynn Normand are building a [no-glossary]Passivhaus[/no-glossary] in Maine. This is the 24th article in a series that will follow their project from planning through construction.] The first article in this series was Kicking the Tires on a Passivhaus Project. Roger Normand’s construction blog is called EdgewaterHaus. It looks like we need another lally columnOne of the steel I-beams had insufficient bearing on the foundation. That was quickly solved by placing another lally column on the footer where that steel beam meets the foundation.Our floor was engineered by Coastal Forest Products. The framers started to install the I-beams and floor deck along the main axis of the house.Uh-oh. BLOGS BY ROGER NORMAND Placing Concrete In Our ICF Foundation WallsConstruction Begins — and We Encounter a Few SnafusDo We Really Need 12 Inches of Foam Under Our Slab?Passive House Certification: Looking Under the HoodBackup Electrical Power for a Passivhaus Project?Can We Get More and Pay Less To Keep About The Same? Where can I get some 60-degree hangers — fast?We had received 45 degree hangers instead of the 60 degree hangers called out in the design.The Coastal rep came on site, confirming the shortage. Sixty degree hangers are a special order item. He promised quick delivery, especially if they had some in stock.And so we await delivery of the 60 degree hangers to complete the main floor deck.Meanwhile, the installed deck is rock solid. There’s absolutely no bounce on the floor, even before we pour the 1 1/2-inch concrete. The meticulous care to square and level the foundation bodes well for installing the factory-built panels. Elevation problemsUsing the highest point on the foundation as a reference, Jason found two areas with notable variation: the west side of the Bedroom 3 foundation was 1/2 inch low, and the south side of the three-season room foundation was 3/4 inch low.The foundation was also out of square. Using the south facade as a reference line, the north wing of the building foundation strays from the 60 degree design by up to five degrees. That’s not much, except when the wall extends 50 feet!The east and west foundation walls of the north wing are not parallel to each other; the foundation is 1 3/4 inch too wide where the garage wall meets the house, expanding to 2 1/2 inch too wide at the far, north side of the garage.Uh-oh.
NEW ORLEANS, LA – JANUARY 01: Cardale Jones #12 of the Ohio State Buckeyes celebrates after throwing a 47 yard touchdown pass to Devin Smith #9 in the third quarter against the Alabama Crimson Tide during the All State Sugar Bowl at the Mercedes-Benz Superdome on January 1, 2015 in New Orleans, Louisiana. (Photo by Sean Gardner/Getty Images)When Chicago Bulls star Joakim Noah mouthed off about the SEC to Ohio State quarterback Cardale Jones, he probably didn’t expect a feud like this. Cardale Jones has already joked about fighting and boxing against the former Florida Gator, and he continues to tweet at Noah during every game in the Bulls’ series against the Cleveland Cavaliers. The Bulls lost tonight’s game five 106-101 to go down three games to two in the Eastern Conference semifinal, and Jones was all over Noah once again.I see the Bulls wanna start some mess while 12 ain’t there, yall lucky— Cardale Jones (@CJ12_) May 13, 2015LETS GO CAVSSSSSSS— Cardale Jones (@CJ12_) May 13, 2015GET UP CHUMP!— Cardale Jones (@CJ12_) May 13, 2015Just double team D Rose, @JoakimNoah is self checked, he’s not a factor on offense— Cardale Jones (@CJ12_) May 13, 2015Ain’t nobody hating on Noah I just don’t like the bum, Butler, Rose, Gasol, & the rest of the Bulls, mess with yall just not this series— Cardale Jones (@CJ12_) May 13, 2015CLEVELANDDDDDDDD— Cardale Jones (@CJ12_) May 13, 2015great pass @JoakimNoah— Cardale Jones (@CJ12_) May 13, 2015Let Noah shoot the 3— Cardale Jones (@CJ12_) May 13, 2015Ayyyyyyyyyy Lets Go Cavs— Cardale Jones (@CJ12_) May 13, 2015Just in case @JoakimNoah don’t know 3-2…… CAVS— Cardale Jones (@CJ12_) May 13, 2015Don’t insult Cardale Jones if you value your Twitter mentions. He doesn’t let people live anything down, apparently.
OTTAWA — Defence officials say they expect to know next spring what sensor, weapons and defensive upgrades will be needed to ensure the country’s aging CF-18 fighter jets are still able to fly combat missions until they are replaced in 2032.The Trudeau government plans to invest $3 billion over the next decade to keep the CF-18s as well as a handful of second-hand Australian fighters in the air until a new fighter-jet is purchased.But auditor general Michael Ferguson found last month that price tag did not include any actual upgrades to the planes’ combat systems, which have not had any significant upgrades since 2008.Defence officials told a House of Commons committee this afternoon they expect to have an idea by May what kind of combat upgrades will be needed — upgrades analysts expect will cost hundreds of millions, if not billions of dollars.The officials also blamed a nationwide shortage of pilots for contributing to the air force’s difficulty in finding enough fighter jockeys to fly the CF-18s, which Ferguson also flagged as a major concern.A number of measures are being explored or implemented to retain experienced pilots, who Ferguson found are leaving faster than they can be replaced.The Canadian Press