Dec 7, 2005 (CIDRAP News) – Although thorough cooking ensures that chicken and other poultry are safe to eat, birds from flocks infected with H5N1 avian influenza should be kept out of the food supply, international health and agriculture authorities said this week.The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) warned against eating raw poultry parts or raw eggs from areas with avian flu outbreaks in poultry, as well as eating infected birds or using them for animal feed.The agencies said they wanted to clarify food safety issues raised by the avian flu crisis. The statement released this week is an abridged version of a bulletin issued in November through the International Food Safety Authorities Network.”In areas where there is no bird flu outbreak in poultry, there is no risk that consumers will be exposed to the virus via the handling or consumption of poultry and poultry products,” the statement said.Cooking to achieve a temperature of 70˚C throughout all parts of a bird, so that no part remains raw or red, will kill any H5N1 virus present, the agencies said. This will prevent infection from an infected bird that is mistakenly allowed into the food chain.”To date, there is no epidemiological evidence that people have become infected after eating contaminated poultry meat that has been properly cooked,” the statement said.Many of the people who have contracted avian flu were infected when slaughtering or handling diseased or dead birds before cooking, authorities said. Slaughtering poses the greatest risk of infection.Most strains of avian flu viruses are found mainly in the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts of infected birds, not in the meat, the agencies said. But highly pathogenic viruses like H5N1 make their way into almost all parts of the bird, including the meat.Infected poultry excrete the virus in their secretions and feces, and people may be exposed by inhaling dust or touching contaminated surfaces. The virus can survive in feces for at least 35 days at low temperatures (4˚C) and for 6 days at higher temperatures (37˚C). It can survive on surfaces for several weeks, and it is not killed by refrigeration or freezing.It’s not always possible to distinguish infected and uninfected birds in outbreak areas, since ducks may harbor the virus without looking sick, officials said. This increases the importance of using preventive measures.Although public education campaigns about avian flu have reached rural people in affected countries, some continue to eat infected birds, the agencies said. They warned, “The practice of slaughtering and eating of infected birds, whether diseased or already dead, must be stopped. These birds should also not be used for animal feed.”The risk of getting infected by handling a bird produced through an industrialized slaughtering and processing chain is considered very low, even in countries with current outbreaks, authorities said.They also said eating vaccinated poultry poses no particular risk for consumers, provided the vaccination program follows proper standards and includes appropriate monitoring.Eggs from infected birds can be contaminated on both the inside and the shell, according to the agencies. Although sick birds normally stop laying eggs, eggs laid in the early phase of the disease could be contaminated. Proper cooking kills the virus, as does pasteurization used by industry for liquid egg products.Eggs from areas with outbreaks in poultry should not be consumed raw or partially cooked (with runny yolk), FAO/WHO say. But so far there is no epidemiologic evidence that people have been infected with avian flu by eating eggs or egg products.See also:FAO/WHO news releasehttp://www.fao.org/newsroom/en/news/2005/1000172/index.htmlFull-length bulletinhttp://www.who.int/foodsafety/fs_management/No_07_AI_Nov05_en.pdf
Dodgers’ Max Muncy trying to work his way out of slow start Just as there is a reason why Robinson and Koufax have a statue, there is a reason why now. By 2033, the Dodgers will have spent as much time in Los Angeles as they did in Brooklyn. Once the latest round of renovations is complete, some $300 million will have been spent updating Dodger Stadium in less than a decade. The franchise has a sense of permanence here it had not earned a decade ago. Statues are a logical part of the landscape.There are other reasons why this did not happen sooner.Unlike other lines of work, baseball immortality isn’t measured in statues. There is a national Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York, replete with bronze busts of the all-time greats. There is a long tradition in baseball of retiring jersey numbers, beginning with Lou Gehrig in 1939. Statues are cool, but they are not the highest honor of immortality a baseball player can earn.And yet, there are statues of baseball players everywhere. There are 12 outside Busch Stadium in St. Louis, including one of broadcaster Jack Buck, and 14 at US Cellular Field in Chicago. There are four outside of PNC Park in Pittsburgh and seven, including one of broadcaster Ernie Harwell, at Comerica Park in Detroit. Angel Stadium has two statues, and neither depicts a player. Founding owner Gene Autry greets fans who enter the stadium through the left. Rod Carew’s daughter, Michelle, greets fans who enter through the right.The most authoritative list of baseball statues in the United States and Canada was compiled by a trio of academics linked to the University of Sheffield in Great Britain. Their list, published on The Sporting Statues Project website, features 342 statues in all. Subjects run the gamut. Ken Griffey Junior and Senior each have one statue on the list. So do Neftali Feliz and Juan Uribe. That’s half as many as Paul Konerko and Bob Uecker (two each). Negro Leagues star Judy Johnson has three, Babe Ruth has four, Roberto Clemente has five, and Jackie Robinson has nine – a number that does not include his enormous bust in front of Pasadena’s City Hall. Statue-worthiness is only loosely determined by the numbers on the back of your baseball card. Cody Bellinger homer gives Dodgers their first walkoff win of season Dodgers hit seven home runs, sweep Colorado Rockies How Dodgers pitcher Ross Stripling topped the baseball podcast empire Statues are conspicuous for their presence. A retired number, while more prestigious in baseball circles, is remarkable for its absence. Calls for the Dodgers to retire Fernando Valenzuela’s number 34 have persisted for years, but a statue of Fernando would offer more: a physical space for future generations to pause and remember his career and impact. The Dodgers cannot retire the jersey numbers of Hall of Fame outfielder Zack Wheat or broadcasters Vin Scully and Jaime Jarrin, because they did not have jersey numbers. But each man can receive a statue someday.Who should receive the next statue at Dodger Stadium?“I think there’s an active Dodger that’s probably going to have one down the road,” Manager Dave Roberts said.“Twenty-two,” outfielder Joc Pederson said.It would be the first statue of Clayton Kershaw, matching him with Cy Young for 333rd on the all-time list. Like all works of art, statues help tell stories. Baseball has stories spanning three centuries. When Nomar Garciaparra reached the major leagues with the Boston Red Sox in 1996, he did not know the stories of the franchise that drafted him. He grew up in Southern California. A statue at Fenway Park depicting Ted Williams, Dom DiMaggio, Johnny Pesky and Bobby Doerr helped Garciaparra learn. (Meeting each of the men in person helped more, he said.)“It’s also a generational game that is handed down,” Garciaparra said. “Now you can go to the statue and say, ‘I remember watching that player.’”Albert Pujols had a similar experience in St. Louis.“The respect you have for those guys like Jackie, Sandy Koufax, Lou (Brock), Red (Schoendienst) – just imagine that those guys pretty much opened the doors for us to get where we are right now in this generation,” he said.Related Articles Michelangelo made the careful choice to describe himself as a sculptor – not a painter, not an artist at large. He didn’t need the fungus on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel to identify the superior medium.Tuesday, it was announced that Sandy Koufax would receive a statue outside Dodger Stadium next year. Jackie Robinson received the first, in 2017. When we consider how long sculpture has existed as an art form, how long baseball has existed as an American pastime, and how long the Dodgers have existed as a franchise, these statues seem overdue.Robinson was a logical first choice. His athletic accomplishments in a Dodger uniform were dwarfed by his cultural impact. To quote the sports writer Wendell Smith, Robinson had “the hopes, aspirations and ambitions of 13 million black Americans heaped upon his broad, sturdy shoulders” when he broke baseball’s color barrier in 1947. If anyone were to receive a statue outside Dodger Stadium, it was Robinson.Besides perhaps Walter O’Malley – the Brooklyn Dodgers owner who saw the team through integration and moved the franchise here in 1958 – no one merited a statue sooner than Koufax. Arguably the best left-handed pitcher ever, Koufax’s cultural impact on the Jewish community is no less worthy of recognition: “Three thousand years of beautiful tradition from Moses to Sandy Koufax,” to borrow a line from the garrulous bowler Walter Sobchak in The Big Lebowski. Fire danger is on Dave Roberts’ mind as Dodgers head to San Francisco Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Error
One of the greatest talents of FC Sarajevo Samir Radovac went to FC Zenit from St. Petersburg to play several trial matches.Radovac was born in 1996, and he went to Antalya to participate the trainings of FC Zenit, and if everything goes as planned, Radovac will be the new player of FC Zenit.