Citation: Rodenstock Innovation in Athletic Sunglasses (2007, October 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2007-10-rodenstock-athletic-sunglasses.html Rodenstock the world acclaimed lens maker is in the development stage of producing athletic sunglasses. The prototype is currently called, Informance. The unique aspect of the Informance is the ability to monitor the athlete´s performance and heart rate and show it in the peripheral vision. The sunglasses display a stop watch and heart rate at one edge. The additional feature added only 7 grams to the weight of the sunglasses.A thin wedge-shaped prism is built into the left edge of the lens on the left side of the glasses. A small polymer battery inside the left arm of the glasses projects an image into the prism from the side. The image is reflected twice before reaching the individuals eye. New Scientist quotes Rodenstock optical engineer, Mike Hazel as saying that the focus of the new design was to make a sunglass that could be styled like a normal spectacle. The features only take up about 12 percent of the field of vision on the left side making it barely noticeable from a straight on view. The other feature is the ability to run for 12 hours without recharging.Other similar sunglasses for pilots and other professionals are generally more cumbersome and heavier and would not be acceptable for mass appeal. The Informance is designed for use by avid sports enthusiasts, outdoor professional work and professional athletes.According to the head of research in optics at Rodenstock, the lens display is 160 x 120 pixels and could be expanded. The ability to show distance and directions by a GPS device is an area Rodenstock is considering at this point. The Informance will be priced at the minimum of $1,000 USD. It should be available in the commercial sector by 2009. The prototype athletic sunglasses Informance can display the heart rate, and monitor performance. The German lens maker Rodenstock has made every effort to make the sunglasses light weight and unobtrusive. Additionally, Informance designers are considering the ability to show distance and directions by a GPS devices. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
(PhysOrg.com) — A futuristic tower called “Floating Observatories,” which resembles a tree trunk with eight floating elevator observatories shaped like leaves, will soon become a major landmark in Taichung, Taiwan’s third largest city. Image credit: DSBA More information: www.dsba.ro/mainEN.php?lang=EN&news=1 Image credit: DSBA The floating elevator observatories can take up to 80 people and are built from lightweight materials developed by the space industries, and covered by a new generation membrane of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). Their design was influenced by science fiction computer games. They move up and down on a vertical track positioned within a strong electromagnetic field and are “self-sustained” by helium balloons. The observatories provide the key exhibit of the museum for the visitors — the city itself — and when nested they are themselves exhibits.The design’s “green” features include a small footprint, natural ventilation through the “chimney” effect, turbines and solar cells to generate power for the building, a fiber optics dome to light basement areas and museum spaces, and rainwater collection and purification. There is also a geothermal power plant in the basement for heating in winter and for heating water. Image credit: DSBA The conceptual design of the tower was made by a team from the companies Dorin Stefan Birou Arhitectura (DSBA), Upgrade.Studio, and Mihai Cracium, and led by DSBA principal architect Stefan Dorin from Romania. The tower design won first prize in the recent Taiwan Tower Conceptual International Competition. Dorin explained the design represented a “technological tree,” with elevator observatories shaped like the island of Taiwan, which is leaf-shaped.The tower, standing over 300 meters high, will include an information center, museum, office tower, conference venue, fixed and floating observation decks, restaurants, and an urban park. Image credit: DSBA Explore further Image credit: DSBA Image credit: DSBA Image credit: DSBA Citation: Futuristic Taiwan tower to have floating observatories (2010, November 19) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-11-futuristic-taiwan-tower-observatories.html The Taiwan Tower will be the tallest building in Taichung, but is much shorter than the tallest building in Taiwan, the Taipei 101 skyscraper. The design was chosen from 237 entrants from 25 countries and gives Dorin a prize of around $130,000 as well as the chance to have the tower built to his design. Building of the tower on the one hectare site within sight of the Taiwan Strait is expected to begin in 2012 and take two years to complete.The competition was held to celebrate the centenary of the founding of Taiwan and to commemorate the merger of Taichung County and Taichung City. The government of Taiwan will fund the building. © 2010 PhysOrg.com Taiwan’s TSMC to invest over $9 billion in plant This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
© 2016 Phys.org Citation: Plant cellulose prevents short circuits in batteries (2016, July 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-07-cellulose-short-circuits-batteries.html In a new study published in Nano Letters, researchers from the Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) in South Korea have designed a cellulose nanomat, or “c-mat,” separator membrane that contains a thin layer of nanoporous plant cellulose on top of a thick macroporous polymer layer. By finely tuning the thicknesses of the two layers, the researchers were able to design a separator membrane that delicately balances the tradeoff between preventing leakage current and supporting fast ion transport. With its tiny pores, the nanoporous cellulose layer prevents leakage current between electrodes, preventing short circuits. On the other hand, the macroporous polymer layer’s porous channels are too large to prevent leakage current between electrodes, but their large size enables them to function like “ionic highways” to rapidly transport charges.The new separator has another major advantage: At high temperatures (60 °C), batteries with the new separator membranes have an 80% capacity retention after 100 cycles, whereas batteries with typical commercial polymer separators maintain just 5% of their initial capacity after 100 cycles at the same temperature.The researchers explain that the large capacity loss in the commercial batteries at high temperature occurs due to unwanted side reactions between lithium salts and water, which produces harmful byproducts such as manganese ions. The nanoporous cellulose-based layer of the new separator membranes has a manganese-chelating ability, so that it binds to the manganese ions and prevents them from participating in the reactions that cause capacity loss. In addition, the macroporous polymer layer captures the acidic reactants that produce the manganese ions, resulting in fewer of these ions in the first place.”We demonstrate in this work that the chemically active cellulose-based c-mat separator can mitigate the manganese ion-induced adverse effects,” coauthor Sang-Young Lee, Professor at UNIST’s School of Energy and Chemical Engineering, told Phys.org. “This enables a remarkable improvement in the high-temperature cycling performance far beyond that which is attainable with conventional membrane technologies.”In the future, the researchers plan to modify the separators for potential use in next-generation rechargeable batteries such as sodium-ion, lithium-sulfur, and metal-ion batteries. “The c-mat separator is expected to be used for next-generation high-performance batteries with high temperature stability—for example, in large-sized batteries for electric vehicles and grid-scale electricity storage systems,” Lee said. In addition to its use as a battery separator membrane, the c-mat separator also has potential applications in membranes for desalination systems, as well as for ecofriendly sensors for heavy metal ions. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. More information: Jung-Hwan Kim et al. “Functionalized Nanocellulose-Integrated Heterolayered Nanomats toward Smart Battery Separators.” Nano Letters. DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b02069 Journal information: Nano Letters Ternary-layered separator to retard the shuttle of polysulfides towards highly-stable lithium–sulfur batteries Cellulose that originates from plant material is used as a thin layer in a new separator membrane for batteries, resulting in a large increase in capacity retention at high temperatures. Credit: Kim et al. ©2016 American Chemical Society Explore further (Phys.org)—In order to prevent short circuits in batteries, porous separator membranes are often placed between a battery’s electrodes. There is typically a tradeoff involved, since these separators must simultaneously prevent leakage current between electrodes while allowing ions to pass through the porous channels to generate current. Conventionally, these membranes are made of synthetic materials, such as polymers.
A T M Azharul Islam, a top leader of fundamentalist Jamaat-e-Islami party, was sentenced to death on Tuesday by a Bangladeshi special court for committing warcrimes during the country’s independence war against Pakistan.The International Crimes Tribunal sentenced Islam to death after finding him guilty of charges likes genocides, murders, tortures and rapes.“He shall be hanged by neck until he is dead,” pronounced chairman of the three-member panel of judges Justice Enayetur Rahim while delivering a 158-page verdict after Islam appeared on the dock. Also Read – Pro-Govt supporters rally as Hong Kong’s divisions deepenHe said the convict deserved no punishment other than death penalty as five of the six charges against Islam were proved beyond doubt while in subsequent years after the independence he never showed any gesture of remorse for his acts in 1971.Under the law, Islam, however, could challenge the verdict in the Supreme Court while he is the last of the top Jamaat leaders who were exposed to justice for committing crimes against humanity siding with the Pakistani troops in 1971. Also Read – Pak Army ‘fully prepared’ to face any challenge: Army spokesmanIslam, 61, was charged on six counts of atrocities and in one of the major proven charges he was accused of is leading the massacre of 1,225 people in Rangpur. He was also found guilty of abducting and murdering a Carmichael College professor and his wife.Tight security vigil was enforced as a microbus carried Islam, attired in a cream colour coat, to the tribunal at the Supreme Court complex in the central part of the capital from Dhaka Central Jail. Senior police officials including Dhaka’s police commissioner visited the court complex to oversee the security arrangements with witnesses saying extra numbers of CCTV cameras were installed in different parts of the compound to enforce a close vigil on activities of the visitors.Islam was arrested in August 2012 and was indicted on November 12 last year while the prosecution lawyers said they were satisfied with the judgment as they successfully proved the charges with adequate evidence.“But we are not at all satisfied with the verdict. It was based on fictitious testimonies of witnesses, we will challenge the verdict in the Supreme Court,” defence counsel Tazul Islam told reporters.
The expo will be held at India Expo Centre, Greater Noida, from February 4 – 7. It will comprise eight country pavilions, 450+ exhibitors from 20 countries including China, Germany, Italy, Canada, France, Taiwan, Turkey and USA along with India. Visitors will be able to access world’s most modern woodworking technology, over 500 varieties of machines, tools, materials, and furniture hardware and accessories. The expo is likely to be visited by more than 15,000 buyers which will include craftsmen, woodworkers, furniture manufactures hardware distributors /dealers etc. Buying delegations from Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka and South East Asian Countries have also confirmed their participation. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The tremendous growth of the Indian woodworking industry and its continuous growth into a refined and mechanised sector have opened up immense business opportunities in India for global Woodworking majors. The Indian furniture manufacturing industry is pegged at Rs 120,000 crore and employs more than 300,000 people in the organised sector. But a mere 15 per cent of India’s woodworking industry is organised. Its semi-skilled carpenters, self-styled interior decorators and small-scale local manufacturers will need to be trained and organised to meet future market demands and exploit business opportunities. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixDelhiWood 2015 will help in transforming the unorganised woodworking units in the country into adopters of material and manufacturing technologies for organised, industrial-scale production.In such a scenario, DelhiWood 2015 will offer a great opportunity to small, medium and large wood-based manufacturers to become competitive and benefit from the burgeoning market. The Expo will catalyze the growth and demand by opening opportunities whilst connecting the woodworking community with international and domestic innovations in production technologies.
Damania, known to be close to Delhi Chief Minister Kejriwal, lashed out at the party leadership saying she had backed the AAP chief for “principles” and not “horse-trading”.”I quit…I have not come into AAP for this nonsense. I believed him…I backed Arvind for principles not horse-trading,” she tweeted.A senior leader from Maharashtra, Damania had unsuccessfully contested from Nagpur constituency against Union Minister and senior Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader Nitin Gadkari whom she had accused of corruption. Also Read – Need to understand why law graduate’s natural choice is not legal profession: CJIThe resignation of Damania comes at a time when the AAP is battling internal strife after two senior leaders Prashant Bhushan and Yogendra Yadav criticised Kejriwal openly for his working style.Former AAP MLA from Rohini, Rajesh Garg alleged that Kejriwal had spoken about breaking the Congress and forming the government with the support of their MLAs in Delhi last year. Garg also circulated an audio clip of a purported telephonic conversation of Kejriwal to back his allegations. Also Read – Health remains key challenge in India’s development: KovindDemanding an inquiry into the matter in the next 48 hours, Damania said Kejriwal, Yogendra Yadav and Prashant Bhushan should apologise to the volunteers.”I demand an inquiry in 48 hrs into all these allegations. Volunteers have given their sweat & blood. It is not for the party…It is for the country. AAP will only work on siddhant (principles). Just enough of nonsense. Arvind, PB & YY should apologise to the karyakarta in next 48 hrs for their acts”AAP is not a political party. It was a ray of hope for this country. Thousands of vols slogged for it. Just no one can play with the siddhant,” she tweeted.
Kolkata: The North 24-Parganas district Trinamool Congress will hold competitions in all wards and blocks across the district, where people will have to speak for seven minutes on the development projects of Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee.The district administration is hopeful that this initiative will contribute in raising awareness about the various schemes of the government in the best possible manner.”The competition will start from August 16. It will commence right from the village level and then extend to the blocks and towns and finally, there will be a competition in the district level. It will also build awareness about the development schemes undertaken by our party supremo Mamata Banerjee,” said Jyotipriya Mallick, district president of TMC North 24-Parganas. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeThe decision was taken at the core committee meeting of North 24-Parganas that was held on Sunday.A source in the district TMC said that Trinamool Youth Congress will organise the entire matter and the district-wise competition will be held sometime in the month of September. The whole idea has been conceived by Abhishek Banerjee, who is the president of the party’s youth wing.”It will be a sort of talent hunt for creating a panel of good speakers and show that we do not always need senior leaders for holding rallies successfully,” a TMC leader said. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedChief Minister Mamata Banerjee has instructed her party leaders to ensure that more and more people in the state get the benefits of the various projects taken by her government, that include Kanyashree, Rupashree, Sabuj Sathi, Sabujshree and Khadya Sathi to name a few. “This stride will help us reach every doorstep and we hope that this will be a model for the other parts of the state,” the leader maintained.Mallick said from August 1 to 14 there will be meetings at every booth level, where the party will be raising voice against the BJP government’s anti-people policies.
Kolkata: Sanjiban Hospital in Hooghly has tied up with the Lincoln University College (LUC), Malaysia, to introduce Doctor of Medicine (MD) course which the hospital authorities have claimed to be an equivalent degree to that of the MBBS in India.The private hospital group on Saturday made the official announcement about the new initiative which, they claim, would be soon introduced. Sanjiban Hospital authorities are yet to declare what would be the intake capacity of the course, offered by the foreign university and some other necessary details related to the new course. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeAccording to a senior official of the Sanjiban Hospital, the medical aspirants will get an opportunity to enroll themselves and study in its campus here at Fuleswar in Hooghly but the degree would be awarded by the LUC from Malaysia.Dr Subhasis Mitra, Director, Sanjiban Hospital, said the step has been taken so that the crisis of doctors can be addressed. He also added that the hospital has recently signed a collaborative agreement with the LUC to begin the MD course where students from the state will obtain a degree from the foreign university that would be treated at par with the MBBS. The Medical Council of India (MCI), the highest regulating body, has given a clearance to the course, Dr Mitra maintained. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killed”The main objective of this programme is to build a high-quality health education system by providing an innovative platform. Our country requires 20 million doctors by 2030 and the doctor-patient ration in the country is pitifully low. The number of medical seats needs to be increased,” Dr Mitra said. West Bengal University of Health Sciences has already approved various paramedical, healthcare and diploma courses run by the college, he added. The students can also get a chance to qualify for licensing examinations like the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE), Professional and Linguistic Assessments Board test (PLAB), Australian Medical Council (AMC) Examination and Foreign Medical Graduate Exam (FMGE) by studying in Sanjiban Hospital campus.
Kolkata: The West Bengal Forest Development Corporation (WBFDC) has made elaborate plans to boost ecotourism in North Bengal through a major overhaul of its properties. It is also coming up with a new ecotourism camp adjacent to Jhalong waterfall with lodging facilities for the tourists.”Our purpose behind the renovation of our resorts and construction of the new camp at Jhalong is aimed at making people aware of the ecology and at the same time, educate them about the importance of conserving them. Our ecotourism resorts are ideal for those who love serene and peaceful ambience and look for relief from the hustle and bustle of the concrete city life,” said Ravinder Pall Saini, managing director of WBFDC. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeWBFDC has decided to distribute booklets to educate the tourists about the dos and don’ts during their period of stay at its resorts, all of which are located in and around the forest area.”We want to inculcate the message to our tourists that an eco resort is not like a conventional hotel and they have to adhere to certain rules while staying in it. Plastic is completely banned, there is restriction on round-the-clock electricity as too much light discourages animals to venture near the resort,” a senior WBFDC official added. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedIt may be mentioned that there is already an ecotourism resort of WBFDC at Jaldhaka, which enjoys full occupancy throughout the year. “Now, we are adding to our existing accommodation and at least 20 more tourists would be able to put up at Jaldhaka Resort,” Saini added. The work for renovation and adding of occupancy has already been taken up in collaboration with North Bengal Development department.In North Bengal, the WBFDC has nature resorts in places such as Jaldhaka, Murti, Paren, Rasikbil, Suntalekhola, Loleygaon, Lava Kalimpong, Mongpong and Lepchajagat. The locations of these properties and the excellent hospitality provided by the staff ensure steady reservations for these resorts throughout the year.It may be mentioned that WBFDC has roped in some local villagers from Panijhora to work at its Murti Resort in Dooars.”They not only do cooking and other activities for tourist hospitality but also guide them about the best time for animal sighting during jungle safari. We are looking at similar tie-ups with local youths for our other resorts,” a senior WBFDC official added.
KOLKATA: In the course of investigation into the murder of Satish Sharma, a Trinamool Congress activist at Titagarh, Barrackpore Police has come to know about a contract of Rs 2.5 lakh that was put out for his murder.One of the accused, Kala Munna, in the face of interrogation admitted to have received Rs 20,000 as advance money for committing the crime. The investigating officers are trying to find out the accused who put out the contract. Police also came to know about the modus operandi planned to commit the crime. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeThe names of three persons, who had engaged the contract killers, have popped up during police interrogation and are yet to be confirmed. As decided, the accused were given Rs 20,000 in cash and the remaining amount would be handed over after the crime was committed. The senior police officers of Barrackpore Commissionerate were not ready to reveal the names of the three other accused who are still at large. It may be mentioned that police have already arrested four persons for their alleged involvement in the incident. They are Bhola Prasad, Kala Munna, Seikh Samir and Sanjay Das. Kala Munna is the person who shot the victim. Police said Samir and Sanjay are the residents of the area. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedPolice arrested the four accused after conducting raids at various places in North 24-Parganas. They are remanded to police custody after being produced before a district court on Tuesday. Sharma was shot at by the miscreants on last Monday morning when he was sitting at an under construction Kali Puja pandal at Titagarh. The miscreants came on two motorcycles. Kala Munna has revealed some crucial information to the police which might help them to nab the masterminds. Meanwhile, the victim succumbed to his injuries at a private hospital in the city on Tuesday morning. Some of the locals on Tuesday took out a demonstration protesting against the incident and demanded immediate arrest of the accused. Police are probing whether a quarrel over promoting business led to the murder. As per the preliminary investigation, the investigating officers are ruling out its possibility.
Kolkata: Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Sunday greeted former Congress president Sonia Gandhi on her 72nd birthday and prayed for the senior Congress leader’s long life and happiness. Sources in Trinamool Congress said that Banerjee is likely to leave for New Delhi in the afternoon and meet Sonia Gandhi later in the day. “My best wishes on your birthday Sonia Gandhi Ji. I pray for your long life and happiness in all you do,” the Chief Minister tweeted on Sunday. In the national capital, Banerjee is likely to meet leaders of political parties opposed to the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) for talks on the proposed joint front for the 2019 Lok Sabha elections.
Thirty five miles south east of where the fog seldom clears over the Golden Gate Bridge and the bustling cable cars clang up and down the city’s steep roads, the Californian winds will carry elemental tunes of Tagore songs, the twang of an Ektara, and the piquant aroma of Shorshe Ilish. Over the last 37 years, three days of July are heartily, ethnically, musically and soulfully Bangali in some part of America. Every year, a new place. This year it is Santa Clara, a quaint yet populous county in the San Francisco Bay Area, more popularly known as the Silicon Valley. The much awaited 37th North American Bengali Conference will be held from July 7 to 9 at the heart of the city – the Santa Clara Convention Center. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfBanga Sammelan is not just a celebration of Bangaliana, but to serve countless slices of Bengal on the global platter. It is also a platform for hundreds of NRIs who want to hold onto their heritage despite living far away from home. From the captivating mono-act of Debshankar Halder, the mesmerising sound of the hundred-stringed Kashmiri santoor of Rahul Sharma, charismatic Hindustani classical music of Subha Mudgal, to the mega concert by Shaan, the North American Bengali Conference has an enticing schedule of events lined up. The second International Bengali Film Award on July 8 will recognize the excellence in celluloid achievements in the Bengali film Industry, followed by musical performances by our very own Tollywood stars. One of the main attractions of the NABC this year is ‘Fifty Years of Feluda’ – a tribute to the immortal creation of legendary filmmaker Satyajit Ray through a special exhibit put together by his son Sandip Ray who is taking forward the legacy, and the screening of a few films from the famous detective series. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe sky above the Silicon Valley has already begun smelling sweeter. It is that time of the year when apple pie blends flawlessly with rosogollar payesh, and myriad hues of dhakai jamdani sarees overpower the hustle and bustle of the IT hub. The incessant July rain has rejuvenated both Bengal and Bangladesh after the sultry summer. But in Santa Clara, the windiest month of July is rainless. Differences there might be many, but love for the language has connected people of Bengali diaspora from different parts of the world.
Kolkata: The NRS Medical College and Hospital authorities are planning to check the entry of cats and dogs into various wards of the hospital by installing nets at some important locations.The hospital has already installed a new gate at nursing hostel with a net on it, so that the dogs cannot enter the premises. It may be mentioned here that controversy had erupted recently, after as many as 16 puppies were brutally killed, allegedly by some nursing students outside the hostel in January this year. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseFollowing the incident, the inmates of the nursing hostel situated inside the hostel campus demanded that the place should be made free from cats and dogs. The hospital authorities have taken prompt action and installed a new gate at the entrance and a net has been put up so that dogs and puppies cannot have free access inside the hostel. A senior official of the hospital said that due to the lack of a proper gate, the hostel had often been infested with cats and dogs. “We are planning to put up nets at other doors situated in various wards of the hospital. We hope that we will be able to complete the work soon. As the entrance door at the nursing gate was not properly maintained, the dogs and cats could enter the hostel premises,” the official said. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataHe also said that the Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) has already started sterilisation and vaccination of dogs. In the first phase, as many as 17 dogs have been sterilised while six others were taken by the Health department workers of KMC for the same process. It may be mentioned here that a fourth class staff of NRS Medical College and Hospital had urged the hospital authorities for their permission to relocate as many as 150 cats that were found in various departments of the hospital. According to hospital sources, the cats often roam free at various departments of the hospital, creating nuisance. There have also been instances of cats biting the patients and their relatives. The cats also try to steal food of the patients.
India’s independence movement was built on the principle of non-violence but a new book by noted historian Upinder Singh, also the daughter of former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, suggests that the idea of a non-violent ancient India is a myth that Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru “helped create” while driving the independence movement on the principle of non-violence. In “Political Violence in Ancient India”, Upinder Singh, head of Delhi University’s History Department, documents the “dynamic tension between violence and non-violence in ancient Indian political thought and practice over twelve hundred years”.But what makes Singh reach the conclusion that the idea of a non-violent ancient India is a “myth” that Nehru and Gandhi helped create?”I think that the great value attached to non-violence in Gandhian nationalism (of which Nehru was also an important part) lulled us into thinking of a non-violent ancient India. This is a myth. This is why the problem of political violence has hardly been noticed, let alone studied (till my book!). Ancient Indian history is full of episodes of bloody wars, succession struggles, patricide, fratricide, conflicts between states and forest people, and the killing of animals. There was also social conflict.”These things are well known, but we have somehow not joined the dots. Ancient India boasts the icons of ahimsa like Mahavira, the Buddha and Ashoka. But what people need to realise is that their strong pleas for non-violence indicate that these men were very troubled by violence all around them. So, the idea of a non-violent ancient India is indeed a myth. This pleasant myth can perhaps offer some comfort in our desire for peace and harmony in our present violent, intolerant world. It can be used as a basis to argue for a return to a golden age of non-violence. But such a golden age never existed,” Singh said.According to her book, Nehru thought that India’s history was marked by a high level of social harmony and a lack of conflict. In Mahatma Gandhi’s understanding of Indian history too, the principle of non-violence stood out.But her findings also seem to suggest that Hindu ideologue Vinayak Damodar Savarkar – the hero of BJP and its Jana Sangh predecessor, as also its ideological backbone RSS – saw violence and war as “necessary and laudable Hindu responses” against foreign aggressors.She also mentions that Nehruvian model of ancient Indian past – one in which Buddhism, Ashoka, and non-violence, had pride of place – were reflected in the national flag and emblem post-independence. But, she argues in the book, it was based on a very selective reading of India’s ancient history. Is it not possible that instead of being a mere representation of India’s ancient past, these symbols were used by Nehru and Gandhi to reflect the aspirations of a modern independent country, with non-violence as the core ideal of the then newborn nation? “It is but natural that there was a close relationship between the political agendas of political leaders, how they perceived India’s ancient history, what they emphasised, and their aspirations for India’s future,” Singh added.
Edinburgh of the early 19th century was one of the leading centers for anatomy in Europe. It was home to the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, of which Robert Knox was a member. Known for his engaging and witty teaching style, Knox was a popular teacher for students looking to learn this new and exciting skill.By law, anatomists were only allowed to use the corpses of those who had died in prison, those who had committed suicide, or the corpses of orphans.William Hare as he appeared in the witness box.Changes in the law meant that there were fewer crimes punishable by death and by the mid-1800s the study of anatomy had become so popular that legally sourced cadavers were getting harder to come by.There was a financial incentive in supplying cadavers to anatomists, and soon the gap in the market led to an upsurge in grave robbers, known as resurrection men.Courtroom sketch of William Burke.Things got so bad that some graveyards build guard towers to watch over the graves, some families took shifts to watch over their dearly departed and some attached metal cages over the graves of their recently buried loved ones.Those looking to sell cadavers earned the best money for fresher corpses, and it wasn’t long before grave robbing turned into murder.The most notorious murderers for medical science were William Burke and William Hare who over a period of one year murdered at least 16 people for the sole purpose of selling the cadavers to medical research.Facial reconstruction of William Burke. Photo by Chris Rynn CC BY-SA 4.0Burke and Hare met in Midlothian during the harvest season of 1827. When the harvest was over, Burke and his wife moved into Hare’s lodging house in Edinburgh.It was not long after that the pair who were known for being drunk and boisterous hit upon an easy way to make money.View of Burke’s house from the rear.When an elderly tenant at Hare’s lodging house passed away of natural causes, he still owed Hare £4.00 in rent.Rather than let the corpse be buried, they removed it from the coffin and took it to Edinburgh University where they were directed to Surgeons Square and the offices of Robert Knox.Dr. Robert Knox.The surgeon was delighted and without asking too many questions, paid the pair seven pounds and 10 shillings, in today’s money this is around £600 (approximately $800).Soon the pair found their next victim. Another tenant had come down with fever and was delirious, and Hare was concerned that his lodging business would be affected. So Burke and Hare got the tenant drunk and suffocated him; Burke sat on the man’s chest and upper torso while Hare held a pillow over his face. This time Knox paid the pair £10 — around £875 today. Over the next year, Burke and Hare were to dispatch at least 15 more people in the same way.Statement by Burke in January 1829 to the Edinburgh Courant, ‘docter Knox Never incoureged him Nither taught or incoregd him to murder any person.’They would get the unwitting person drunk, and once they couldn’t resist, Burke and Hare would suffocate them.The ease at which they were able to sell their gruesome wares made the pair greedy; they murdered a family member of Burkes who was visiting from Falkirk, and they killed an elderly woman and her young disabled grandson.Graveyard watchtower, built in Dalkeith, Scotland, in 1827. Photo by Kim Traynor CC BY-SA 3.0Knox continued to ask no questions and, impressed with the freshness of the corpses, paid between £8 and £10 per cadaver.Mary Paterson, killed by Burke while she was intoxicated.Rumours had begun to swirl around the pair, and many of Knox’s students began to suspect foul play. When Burke and Hare arrived with the corpse of a well-known street entertainer James Wilson, who was affectionately nicknamed Daft Jamie, Knox was said to deny to his students that it was the entertainer adamantly but removed the head and other identifiable features from the cadaver before the dissection lesson.James Wilson, known locally as Daft Jamie.Burke and Hare were finally arrested in November 1828 when a couple, Ann and James Grey, found the dead body of Margaret Docherty stashed in the room they were using as lodgings, a room they had left unattended for the evening under the coercion of Burke and Hare.Idealised etching of Burke murdering Margaret Docherty (also known as Margery Campbell) by Robert Seymour.The police were suspicious enough to follow up and found the corpse in the possession of Robert Knox.Death mask of Burke (left) and life mask of Hare (right). Photo by kim traynor CC BY-SA 3.0Hare was offered full immunity for his confession and died in obscurity having been chased out of Edinburgh by angry mobs.Calling-card case made of Burke’s skin. Photo by Kim Traynor CC BY-SA 3.0Burke was sent to hang, a cheering crowd of around 25,000 came out to watch, his body was given to medical science and his skeleton can still be seen at the Anatomical Museum of the Edinburgh Medical School.Read another story from us: 6 of the Most Scandalous Women in HistoryBoth Hare’s wife, Margaret, and Burke’s wife, Helen McDougal, were freed but both were chased out of Edinburgh by angry mobs. Robert Knox was not charged as he did not technically commit any crimes, but his life and career were ruined, he was stripped of his fellowship, debarred from lecturing and forced out of Edinburgh. He continued to practice medicine in London until his death in 1862.
Arnold Sommerfeld was a genius, but not a very lucky one. The Nobel Prize is the most prestigious award that can be given to experts in the fields of Chemistry, Physics, Literature, Physiology or Medicine, and Peace. When Alfred Nobel died in Italy in 1896, he left no heirs and most of his fortune was placed into a trust to be used for prizes for those who have excelled in their field. According to the website of The Nobel Prize, only 590 Nobel Prizes have been awarded since 1901. Obviously, it’s not an easy thing to win the Nobel Prize. Four people have won it twice. Many deserving candidates are nominated, but usually only one (or one team) can win. Some candidates are nominated more than once. Arnold Johannes Wilhelm Sommerfeld came up for consideration 84 times but never won, although his students did.Arnold SommerfeldSommerfeld was born in 1868 in East Prussia and received his Ph.D. in mathematics and physical sciences from the University of Königsberg in 1891. He apparently had a few rowdy college years resulting in a permanent fencing scar on his face from inebriated duels.He served his country for a year, from 1892 to 1893, and remained in the military reserves for the next eight years. In 1895, he gained his teaching license for high-level mathematics. Sommerfeld’s talents became well known as he advanced, in 1897, to the chair of the mathematics department at the Bergakademie in Clausthal-Zellerfeld, a town in Lower Saxony, Germany. He also became the editor of the Enzyklopädie der mathematischen Wissenschaften, a German mathematical encyclopedia, until 1926.Arnold Sommerfeld, Stuttgart, 1935. Photo by GFHund CC BY SA 3.0Sommerfeld later accepted the chair of Applied Mechanics at the Königliche Technische Hochschule Aachen, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany where he formed his theory of hydrodynamics. In 1906, Sommerfeld was the director of the Theoretical Physics Institute at the University of Munich. His students at both of those universities included many names well-known in scientific circles.It was at the Königliche that he taught Peter Debye, who, in 1936, won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his contributions to the study of molecular structure.Petrus (Peter) Josephus Wilhelmus Debije (1884-1966)At Munich, Somerfeld taught Werner Heisenberg. Heisenberg won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1932 for the creation of quantum mechanics. Other students from Munich include Wolfgang Pauli, who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1945 for his discovery of the “Pauli exclusion principle”, and Hans Bethe, the winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics for his theory of stellar nucleosynthesis in 1967.Because of the caliber of the scientists that could claim Sommerfeld as their mentor, according to the journal Resonance, Albert Einstein once remarked, “What I especially admire about you is that you have, as it were, pounded out of the soil such a large number of young talents.”Related Video: Inside how Money is Actually MadeMathematician Morris Kline stated of Sommerfeld, that he was an inspiring teacher at the vanguard of relativity, quantum theory, and electromagnetics, and that he educated the greatest physicists in the first 30 years of the twentieth century.Jewish mathematician, physicist, and Nobel Prize winner Max Born noted that Sommerfield took undisciplined but creative minds and helped them realize what they didn’t know as well as fostering the skills and discipline necessary to perform fruitful research. Clearly, these men were impressed not only with Sommerfeld’s education and knowledge but his teaching abilities as well.The Solvay Conference in Brussels, October 1927With the onset of war, many promising scientists in Europe fled Germany. Sommerfeld watched sadly as Germany lost brilliant minds and decided that he must remain and continue teaching. Unfortunately, Adolf Hitler appointed his own people who were barely qualified, and Sommerfeld was replaced as Professor of Theoretical Physics by Wilhelm Müller who was an an aerodynamicist and wholly unqualified to hold the post. Nevertheless, Sommerfeld continued his work in quantum theory.According to Encyclopaedia Britannica, he co-discovered the Sommerfeld-Wilson quantization rules with Englishman William Wilson, worked with electromagnetism and hydrodynamics, and advanced the information of X-ray wave theory. He did exhaustive work on wave mechanics, and his theory of electrons in metals was valuable in the study of thermoelectricity and metallic conduction.Arnold Sommerfeld Photo by Rufus46 CC BY-SA 3.0Sommerfeld’s nominations for the Nobel Prize can be found listed in the Nomination Archive of the Nobel Prize website. His name was put forward to receive the award for Physics in 1917, 1918, twice in 1919, 1920, four times in 1922, twice in 1923, 1924, six times in 1925, three times in 1926, three times in 1927, three times in 1928, nine times in 1929, four times in 1930, twice in 1931, five times in 1932, eight times in 1933, six times in 1934, 1935, twice in 1936, eight times in 1937, 1940, 1948, three times in 1949, three times in 1950, and four times in 1951.Photo by Gras-Ober CC BY-SA 3.0In 1951, at the age of 82, Sommerfeld was hit by a truck as he crossed the street — an accident attributed to his diminished hearing in his elder years.Read another story from us: The Genius of Marie Curie was Formed at an Underground Illegal UniversityTwo months later, on April 26th, he died. Although he never won the Nobel Prize himself, one could say that he won many times through those he educated and inspired.
You learn something new everyday. Yesterday, Washington Head Coach Jay Gruden learned that his new star cornerback Josh Norman has a side gig as an NFL contributor for the Fox NFL Kickoff pregame show hosted by some guy named Colin Cowherd (is that the guy’s name? Cowherd?).Norman, who exploded into the mainstream NFL conversation last year as a shutdown corner on the Panthers Super Bowl team, also proved to be quick with a great soundbite. His MMA style matchup with Giants wideout Odell Beckham was one of the most entertaining one-on-one match ups in the NFL last season.Norman parlayed his standout season into a massive free agent deal with the Redskins that made him the highest paid cornerback in the NFL. Like many modern athletes, Norman also has designs on marketing himself outside off the field.He informed Washington executives about his plans to moonlight as a media talking head, but apparently Gruden never got the memo from the organizational higher ups. When he was asked about Norman’s side gig at a training camp press conference, he had no clue what the reporter was talking about. Awkward.Josh Norman has a new gig and his head coach was a bit blindsided by the news… #Redskins @ABC7News @ABC7Robert pic.twitter.com/tGEz8HXMnM— Alex Parker (@ParkerSports) August 8, 2016It’s probably not the best way for Norman to endear himself to his new team, but the idea of an NFL player contributing to an NFL studio show isn’t unprecedented. New York Jets wide receiver Brandon Marshall was a weekly co-host of the Inside the NFL on Showtime, and current athletes often serve as guest contributors to blogs to provide an active player’s perspective.According to Colin, Norman’s contribution to the show will be limited to remote video segments and an in-studio appearance during the Redskins bye week.In reality, Norman’s on field production as the highest paid cornerback in the league will dictate how his media role is perceived publicly. If he struggles this season it won’t take long for critics to point to his side job as a distraction. If he plays up to his contract people will happily overlook it.
The Cavs will attempt to even their Eastern Conference Finals series with the Celtics at two games a piece tonight in Cleveland, but Colin thinks the second LeBron James era in Cleveland could unofficially come to a close with a loss and a 3-1 series deficit.James was accused of emotionally checking out against the Celtics in 2010, despite putting up monster stat lines. He hadn’t officially made his ‘Decision’ at that point, but when he saw that his Cavs couldn’t overcome the Celtics Big 3, he wasn’t fully engaged.Colin believes that James is still all in for this Cavs team, but if they lose tonight and trail the series 3-1, he’ll mentally and emotionally check out from Cleveland for good and start plotting his next move.
One person who didn’t take kindly to Kanter’s player comp was none other than Julius Randle, who took to Twitter to point out that he dropped 45 on Kanter the last time the two met. NBA drama is fantastic!Yo @EnesKanter last time you guarded me I had 45 relax bro lol— Julius Randle (@J30_RANDLE) June 26, 2019 Zion Williamson is the most hyped rookie to enter the NBA since LeBron James, but not every NBA player is as sold on him being a superstar like Colin.Today, Blazers center Enes Kanter stopped by the show and told Colin that he thinks Zion is overhyped at this point, and more like a ‘Julius Randle with hops’ than than Charles Barkley 2.0. Kanter added that if Williamson improves his shooting he has Hall of Fame potential. Advertisement
This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience. March 24, 2006 Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. 6 min read Enroll Now for Free Not long ago, Bill Rosinger had a dozen or so employees and abrick-and-mortar storefront selling photographic equipment inAmityville, New York. Then he began selling a few items on eBay.Today, Rosinger’s business, Cameta Camera, is a TitaniumPowerSeller (eBay User ID: cametaauctions) that may have thousandsof listings open at a time. Most striking is the effect eBayselling has had on Cameta. “We went from 10 or 11 [employees]three or four years ago to 55 people today,” says Rosinger,who ran his business for 20 years as an offline enterprise beforefinally trying eBay. After that many years in photography, Rosingerknew cameras. But he didn’t know how to manage a sizable eBayenterprise.Rosinger found help in the plethora of tools and servicesavailable for offline entrepreneurs who want to expand theirbusinesses onto eBay. As Cameta Camera’s business on eBay grew,Rosinger found it particularly challenging to manage communicationswith buyers.”Let’s say in a given day, 200 listings willclose,” he says. “eBay will send e-mails to notify thewinning bidders. But I want to send my [customized] e-mails to tellthem what to do next. These have to be generated automatically, andthey’re different for every person. I [needed] a system where Icould automatically send out specific e-mails depending on the itemthe person bought.” Rosinger also needed software that wouldupdate the status of an order, showing whether it was at thepayment or ship stage, for instance.Custom Business SolutionsFor help, Rosinger turned to Tobe Goldfinger, owner of Woodmere,New York-based JDT Technologies Ltd., a custom software company andCertified Provider for sellers on eBay who find that existingoff-the-shelf solutions don’t quite fit their needs. “Thebiggest issue is often inventory control,” Goldfinger says.”This becomes a real challenge if you’re selling itemsthat are available in limited quantities, such as tickets orantiques.”Inventory problems intensify when sellers use multiple channelsto sell, such as a brick-and-mortar storefront and eBay. “OneBay, your feedback is critical,” Goldfinger says. “Andnothing upsets customers faster than selling them something youdon’t have.”JDT also helps sellers set up bi-directional information feedswith fulfillment houses; creates tools that generate custom,automatic listings from inventory information; sets pricing forsellers based on fluctuating sourcing costs; and more. “Theybasically ask us to build a customer tool that fits into theirexisting selling platform,” Goldfinger says. And that’swhat JDT did for Cameta Camera, focusing on custom list strategiesand order and inventory management.eBay ToolsCustom developers such as JDT may charge anywhere from a fewthousand to tens of thousands of dollars for seller solutions, withongoing fees for support, upgrades and maintenance. But there arequite a few tools from eBay and third parties that cost little ornothing and are suitable for growing existing offline businesses oneBay.One of the most useful eBay tools for entrepreneurs is theSeller OnRamp Program. According to eBay’s Katie McNerney,OnRamp teaches proven selling strategies through phone-basedconsulting. “We have helped thousands of companies acquire newcustomers and sell slow-moving inventory more efficiently,”says McNerney. “Our research shows that OnRamp businesses aresignificantly more successful than other businesses oneBay.”The program is free. Any business looking to grow on eBay cancall a Seller OnRamp consultant toll-free at (866) 304-EBAY. SellerOnRamp helps sellers improve listings to make them more marketable,giving specific suggestions on topics such as writing listingtitles. They’ll also consult on marketing strategies, includingchoosing the best day and time to launch a listing.”We can also help them with cross-promoting within theireBay Store,” McNerney says. If a seller has many items tosell, he or she can promote related items to interested buyers.Item listing pages will display a “See More Great Items FromThis Seller” box near the bottom, which shows other itemsavailable from that seller. If an eBay shopper clicks on any of thefour items in the box, he or she will be taken to the item page forthat listing. Cameta Camera uses this feature in its Store.”eBay Stores offers a lot of different marketingopportunities,” McNerney adds. For example, sellers canautomatically send out an e-mail newsletter to people who indicatethey want to receive it.The MerchanteCommerce Solutions Center is another free eBay tool forexisting businesses expanding onto eBay. It helps merchants with awide range of eBay selling activities, from getting started withselling online to setting up an eBay Store. You can get instantonline access to how-to information on many matters of interest tobusinesses selling on eBay. There are broad overview topics, suchas developing an e-commerce strategy, setting up businessoperations and using PayPal. And there are valuable tips on thefiner details, including choosing listing formats, taking advantageof programs such as PayPal Seller Protection, and even printingshipping labels from your home computer.Certified ProvidersMidway between custom software developers and broad-based eBaytools such as Seller OnRamp are third-party, off-the-shelf productsand services available from Certified Providers. Theseorganizations are validated by eBay as having the expertise andexperience to satisfy customers.eBay Certified Providers come in two flavors: technical andnontechnical. The nontechnical providers help sellers design sitetemplates, plot sales strategies and the like. Technical providersinclude custom developers like JDT, as well as off-the-shelfsoftware and service providers such as Infopia, which sellsConfigurator, a product to help sellers create listings that allowshoppers to configure custom products–such as computers andperipherals–right on the item page. The tool from the Salt LakeCity-based company has been shown to sharply increase sale prices,conversion rates and other e-commerce vital signs. With the varietyof Certified Providers creating tools for eBay sellers, you’lllikely find one that’s right for your business (see http://solutions.ebay.com). Some services are free;others require a subscription fee or a percentage of the final saleprice.Paving the Way from Offline toeBayThe solutions for helping offline businesses grow on eBay continueto multiply and evolve. eBay’s platform is morphing steadilywith modifications such as the category expansion planned, at presstime, for later this year. On a smaller scale, software developersand their customers are constantly coming up with new ways tosmooth and automate the multitude of tasks required for growing abusiness on eBay. Rosinger, for instance, says he has dozens ofideas he is going to discuss with JDT Technologies. “We figureout what we need, I talk to JDT, and they build it. It’s anever-changing system.”Even while he waits for improvements, Rosinger knows hewouldn’t be the owner of a star business on eBay today withoutthe tools and services he has deployed to date. Says Rosinger,”We couldn’t possibly handle the number of orders wedo–and handle them as well as we do–without the software to backus up.”Mark Henricks writes on business andtechnology for leading publications and is author of Not Just a Living. Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now